The historical growth of Canada’s population is complex and has been influenced by several factors, such as indigenous populations, expansion of territory, and human migration. Being a New world country, Canada has been predisposed to be a very open society with regards to immigration, which has been the most important factor in its historical population growth. Canadians make up 0.5% of the world’s total population.

 

Canada Population: 34,439,000 (34 million)


 

Rank Urban Area Population
1 Toronto, Ontario 4,753,120
2 Montreal, Quebec 3,316,615
3 Vancouver, British Columbia 1,953,252
4 Calgary, Alberta 988,079
5 Edmonton, Alberta 862,544
6 OttawaGatineau, Ontario/Quebec 860,928
7 Quebec City, Quebec 659,545
8 Hamilton, Ontario 647,634
9 Winnipeg, Manitoba 641,483
10 Kitchener, Ontario 422,514
11 London, Ontario 353,069
12 St. CatharinesNiagara, Ontario 308,596
13 Victoria, British Columbia 304,683
14 Halifax, Nova Scotia 282,924
15 Windsor, Ontario 278,765
16 Oshawa, Ontario 269,734
17 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 202,425
18 Regina, Saskatchewan 179,246
19 Barrie, Ontario 157,501
20 St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador 151,322
21 Abbotsford, British Columbia 138,986
22 Sherbrooke, Quebec 134,610
23 Kelowna, British Columbia 126,384
24 Trois-Rivières, Quebec 121,666
25 Guelph, Ontario 115,635
26 Kingston, Ontario 109,431
27 Sudbury, Ontario 106,612
28 ChicoutimiJonquière, Quebec 106,103
29 Thunder Bay, Ontario 103,247
30 Moncton, New Brunswick 97,065
31 Brantford, Ontario 90,192
32 Saint John, New Brunswick 90,016
33 Kanata, Ontario 85,112
34 Nanaimo, British Columbia 83,751
35 Red Deer, Alberta 82,772
36 Sarnia, Ontario 78,827
37 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec 78,519
38 Peterborough, Ontario 76,925
39 Lethbridge, Alberta 74,822
40 White Rock, British Columbia 73,006
41 Kamloops, British Columbia 70,117
42 Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario 68,084
43 Châteauguay, Quebec 66,204
44 Prince George, British Columbia 65,082
45 Belleville, Ontario 64,071
46 Drummondville, Quebec 62,659
47 Medicine Hat, Alberta 62,183
48 Chilliwack, British Columbia 59,453
49 Saint-Jérôme, Quebec 57,920
50 Granby, Quebec 56,984
51 Fredericton, New Brunswick 56,245
52 North Bay, Ontario 53,100
53 Shawinigan, Quebec 49,236
54 Cornwall, Ontario 48,792
55 Fort McMurray, Alberta 47,705
56 Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec 47,306
57 Grande Prairie, Alberta 46,850
58 Chatham, Ontario 45,783
59 Beloeil, Quebec 45,299
60 Milton, Ontario 45,089
61 Vernon, British Columbia 42,812
62 Brandon, Manitoba 41,511
63 St. Thomas, Ontario 39,496
64 BowmanvilleNewcastle, Ontario 38,966
65 Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec 38,936
66 Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island 38,801
67 Joliette, Quebec 38,564
68 Victoriaville, Quebec 37,981
69 Courtenay, British Columbia 37,161
70 Halton Hills, Ontario 36,690
71 Sorel-Tracy, Quebec 36,594
72 Rimouski, Quebec 35,948
73 Penticton, British Columbia 35,846
74 Woodstock, Ontario 35,357
75 Prince Albert, Saskatchewan 34,542
76 Sydney, Nova Scotia 33,012
77 Campbell River, British Columbia 32,884
78 Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan 32,526
79 Midland, Ontario 31,287
80 Leamington, Ontario 31,113
81 Stratford, Ontario 30,461
82 Orillia, Ontario 30,259
83 Timmins, Ontario 30,243
84 Orangeville, Ontario 29,110
85 Airdrie, Alberta 28,892
86 Walnut Grove, British Columbia 25,683
87 Alma, Quebec 25,394
88 Val-d’Or, Quebec 24,529
89 Bolton, Ontario 24,492
90 Lloydminster, Alberta/Saskatchewan 24,028
91 Saint-Georges, Quebec 23,955
92 Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec 23,792
93 Brockville, Ontario 23,620
94 Duncan, British Columbia 23,136
95 Parksville, British Columbia 23,054
96 Sept-Îles, Quebec 22,837
97 Owen Sound, Ontario 22,649
98 Truro, Nova Scotia 22,376
99 Buckingham, Quebec 22,078
100 Thetford Mines, Quebec 20,989