The United Nations estimates that approximately 11% of the population aged 15 – 49 is HIV positive. Only 3% of the country has antiretroviral therapy available, compared to 17% coverage in neighbouring countries of Chad and the Republic of the Congo. The nation is divided into over 80 ethnic groups, each having its own language. The largest ethnic groups are the Baya (33%), Banda (28%), Mandjia (7%), Sara (10%), Mboum (7%), M’Baka (4%), Yakoma (4%), and Fulani (3%), with others constituting 4%, including Europeans of mostly French descent.
C.A.R. Population: 4,422,000 (4 million)