Language Rank Other estimates
Mandarin 1 1,052 million including second language speakers (Ethnologue, 1999)/ 1,151 million (982 native, 179 second language) /It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
Spanish 2 417 million including second-language speakers (Ethnologue 1999)./ More than 500 million, as of 2009/ It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
English 3 508 million including second-language speakers. More than 900 million (as a total of first, second and foreign language spoken according to List of countries by English-speaking population). It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
Hindi/Urdu 4 487 million (366 million with all varieties of Hindi and Urdu + 120 million as a second language in 1999)/ 484.5 million (258 mill. properly Hindi, 422 million all varieties of Hindi and 51,5 of Urdu according to Indian Census 2001 + 11 million Urdu speakers in 1993 census of Pakistan)/ 552 million currently. 473.5 million of 1,028 million spoken some variety of Hindi or Urdu according to Indian Census (46%). In Pakistan 7.57% speak Urdu. Currently the population of India is 1,173 million and 168 million is currently the population of Pakistan. (294.4 million speak properly Hindi as a first language): 422 million of 1,028 million spoken Hindi according to the 2001 Indian census.
Arabic 5 246 million including second language speakers (Ethnologue, 1999) It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
*Ethnologue further counts each of sixteen dialects. (144 million speakers in Asia)
Bengali 6 211 million including second language speakers. Official language of Bangladesh (Ethnologue, 1999) and one of the official languages of India for state of West Bengal and Tripura.
Portuguese 7 191 million including second language speakers (Ethnologue, 1999)/ 220 million native, 20 million second language = 240 million total
Russian 8 277 million including second language speakers (Ethnologue, 1999)/ It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
Japanese 9 130 million native, 2 million second language = 132 million total

 

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