The first official census in the Philippines was carried out in 1877 and recorded a population of 5,567,685. By 2009, the Philippines has become the world’s 12th most populous nation, with a population of over 92 million. It is estimated that half of the population resides on the island of Luzon. There are about 11 million Filipinos outside the Philippines.



Philippines Population: 94,013,200 (94 million)


Philippines Population Growth



Rank City Population
1. Quezon City 2,679,450 Former capital of the country (1948–1976). Largest city in Metro Manila in population and land area. Hosts the House of Representatives of the Philippines at the Batasang Pambansa Complex and the metropolis’ largest source of water, the Novaliches Reservoir.
2. Manila 1,660,714 Capital of the country (from 1571-1948 and 1976–present). Historically centered around the walled city of Intramuros, by the mouth of the Pasig River. Host to the seat of the chief executive, the Malacañang Palace. By far the most densely populated city in the country.
3. Caloocan 1,378,856 Historic city where Andres Bonifacio and the Katipunan held many of its meetings in secrecy. It is also the only divided city here in the Philippines. Much of its territory was ceded to form Quezon City, resulting in the formation of two non-contiguous sections under the city’s jurisdiction. The third-most densely-populated city in the country, lying immediately north of the city of Manila. It serves as an industrial and residential area inside Metro Manila.
4. Davao City 1,363,337 Touted as country’s largest city based on land area, a distinction that Puerto Princesa also claims. Regional center of Region XI and former capital of the undivided province of Davao. Most populous city in Mindanao and outside Metro Manila.
5. Cebu City 798,809 Popularly nicknamed as “The Queen City of the South.” First capital of the country. Capital of the province of Cebu and regional center of Region VII. Most populous city in the Visayas. Core of Metro Cebu.
6. Zamboanga City 774,407 Nicknamed “City of Flowers” and marketed by its city government as “Asia’s Latin City” for its substantial Spanish-derived creole-speaking population, the largest in the world. Former capital of the Moro Province and of the undivided province of Zamboanga. The capital of the Regional Centre of Zamboanga Peninsula.
7. Antipolo 633,971 Nicknamed “City in the Sky” for its location on the hills immediately east of Metro Manila. Well-known pilgrimage and tourist center, being host to a Marian shrine and the Hinulugang Taktak National Park. Most populous city in Luzon outside of Metro Manila.
8. Pasig 617,301 Hosts most of the Ortigas Center, one of the top business districts in the country. Was part of the province of Rizal until 1975, when it was incorporated into Metro Manila. Formerly hosted the capitol and other government buildings of that province.
9. Taguig 613,343 Currently exercises fiscal jurisdiction over Fort Bonifacio (whose two barangay governments still answer to Makati City), home to the Bonifacio Global City which is being developed as the country’s new premier business district. Was part of Rizal Province until 1975, when it was incorporated into Metro Manila. Lies on the western shores of Laguna de Bay.
10. Valenzuela 568,928 Originally called Polo, renamed after a local son who was a figure in the Philippine Revolution. Was part of the province of Bulacan until 1975. Formerly a primarily agricultural town, it now hosts many of the industrial enterprises of northern Metro Manila.