This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census. The nine most populous states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population.

Rank in
the Fifty
States
Rank in all
states
& terri-
tories
State or territory Census population, Percent
of total
U.S. population
1 1 California 37,253,956 11.91%
2 2 Texas 25,145,561 8.04%
3 3 New York 19,378,102 6.19%
4 4 Florida 18,801,310 6.01%
5 5 Illinois 12,830,632 4.10%
6 6 Pennsylvania 12,702,379 4.06%
7 7 Ohio 11,536,504 3.69%
8 8 Michigan 9,883,640 3.16%
9 9 Georgia 9,687,653 3.10%
10 10 North Carolina 9,535,483 3.05%
11 11 New Jersey 8,791,894 2.81%
12 12 Virginia 8,001,024 2.56%
13 13 Washington 6,724,540 2.15%
14 14 Massachusetts 6,547,629 2.04%
15 15 Indiana 6,483,802 2.07%
16 16 Arizona 6,392,017 2.04%
17 17 Tennessee 6,346,105 2.03%
18 18 Missouri 5,988,927 1.91%
19 19 Maryland 5,773,552 1.85%
20 20 Wisconsin 5,686,986 1.82%
21 21 Minnesota 5,303,925 1.70%
22 22 Colorado 5,029,196 1.61%
23 23 Alabama 4,779,736 1.53%
24 24 South Carolina 4,625,364 1.48%
25 25 Louisiana 4,533,372 1.45%
26 26 Kentucky 4,339,367 1.39%
27 27 Oregon 3,831,074 1.22%
28 28 Oklahoma 3,751,351 1.20%
29 Puerto Rico 3,725,789 1.19%
29 30 Connecticut 3,574,097 1.14%
30 31 Iowa 3,046,355 0.97%
31 32 Mississippi 2,967,297 0.95%
32 33 Arkansas 2,915,918 0.93%
33 34 Kansas 2,853,118 0.91%
34 35 Utah 2,763,885 0.88%
35 36 Nevada 2,700,551 0.86%
36 37 New Mexico 2,059,179 0.66%
37 38 West Virginia 1,852,994 0.59%
38 39 Nebraska 1,826,341 0.58%
39 40 Idaho 1,567,582 0.51%
40 41 Hawaii 1,360,301 0.43%
41 42 Maine 1,328,361 0.42%
42 43 New Hampshire 1,316,470 0.42%
43 44 Rhode Island 1,052,567 0.34%
44 45 Montana 989,415 0.32%
45 46 Delaware 900,877 0.29%
46 47 South Dakota 814,180 0.26%
47 48 Alaska 710,231 0.23%
48 49 North Dakota 672,591 0.21%
49 50 Vermont 625,741 0.20%
51 Washington, D.C. 601,723 0.19%
50 52 Wyoming 563,626 0.18%
53 Guam 178,430 0.06%
54 U.S. Virgin Islands 109,825 0.04%
55 Northern Mariana Is. 88,662 0.03%
56 American Samoa 65,628 0.02%
The Fifty States 308,143,815 98.48%
50 States + D.C. 308,745,538 98.67%
Total U.S. territory 312,913,872 100.00%