A Census occurs simultaneously in all parts of the UK every ten years. The Office for National Statistics is responsible for collecting data for England and Wales with the General Register Office for Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency each being responsible for censuses in their respective countries. At the most recent census in 2001, the total population of the United Kingdom was 58,789,194, the third largest in the European Union, the fifth largest in the Commonwealth and the twenty-first largest in the world.


UK Population: 62,008,048 (62 million)


Part Population %
England 50,762,900 83.8
Scotland 5,116,900 8.4
Wales 2,965,900 4.9
Northern Ireland 1,741,600 2.9
United Kingdom 60,587,300 100


The pie chart shows the religions of the United Kingdom.


Rank Urban sub-area Population (Census 2001) Constituent Country Notes
1 London 7,172,091 England Greater London administrative area only. The wider Greater London Urban Area has an estimated population of 8,505,000 (2005 estimate), and a metropolitan area of about 12.5 million. It is the United Kingdom’s only mega city.
2 Birmingham 970,892 England Metropolitan district, minus Sutton Coldfield, which is counted as a separate settlement, plus areas in the north of the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull such as Castle Bromwich. Population of entire West Midlands conurbation is 2,284,093.
3 Glasgow 629,501 Scotland Population of entire Greater Glasgow conurbation is 1,168,270.
4 Liverpool 469,017 England Metropolitan district. Population of entire Liverpool Urban Area conurbation is 1,365,900.
5 Manchester 464,200 England Population of entire Greater Manchester Urban Area is 2,244,931 (2005 estimate).
6 Leeds 443,247 England City & Metropolitan district has a population of 810,200. Population of entire West Yorkshire Urban Area conurbation (including in particular Bradford, Huddersfield and Wakefield) is 1,499,465.
7 Sheffield 439,866 England Excludes the suburbs of Beighton, Chapeltown and Mosborough/Highlane. Population of entire urban area (including Rotherham) is 640,720.
8 Edinburgh 430,082 Scotland Excludes surrounding Lothians, often described as Edinburgh’s unofficial urban area (Edinburgh & the Lothians).
9 Bristol 420,556 England Population of entire Greater Bristol conurbation is 587,400.
10 Leicester 330,574 England District minus Beaumont Leys, plus Scraptoft, Glenfield, Thurmaston, Thurnby. Excludes Oadby and Wigston.
11 Cardiff 324,800 Wales Excludes the suburb of Radyr. Population of entire Cardiff Urban Area conurbation (including the surrounding towns of Dinas Powys, Penarth and Radyr) is 327,706.
12 Coventry 303,475 England Part of the Coventry/Bedworth Urban Area, which has a population of 328,063.
13 Kingston upon Hull 301,416 England District plus contiguous suburbs outside local authority border to the west of the city (Haltemprice).The Hull and Humber City Region has a population of 887,500,
14 Bradford 293,717 England Population of metropolitan district is 493,000. Part of West Yorkshire Urban Area.
15 Belfast 276,459 Northern Ireland Population of entire Greater Belfast urban area is 483,418. The second largest conurbation in Northern Ireland is the Derry Urban Area with a population of 90,736.
16 Newcastle upon Tyne 273,600 England Population of entire Tyneside conurbation is 879,996.
17 Stoke-on-Trent 259,252 England Includes suburbs outside local authority border: Brown Edge and Blythe Bridge. Population of entire Potteries Urban Area is 362,403 (2001 census) putting them 10 (includes Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme whose suburbs run into the cities)
18 Wolverhampton 251,462 England Includes suburbs outside local authority including Perton and Lower Penn. Part of the West Midlands conurbation.
19 Nottingham 249,584 England City boundaries are very tightly drawn and exclude much of the Greater Nottingham area, such as Arnold and West Bridgford. Population of entire Nottingham Urban Area is 666,358. The “Greater Nottingham area” also includes parts of Derbyshire such as Long Eaton and could not be considered as part of the city of Nottingham.
20 Plymouth 243,795 England Unitary authority area, excluding the surrounding suburbs over the Tamar.
21 Southampton 234,224 England Population of entire Southampton Urban Area conurbation (including Eastleigh) is 304,400
22 Reading 232,662 England Includes suburbs in West Berkshire and Wokingham districts.
23 Derby 229,407 England Population of Derby Urban Area 236,738 (includes Borrowash and Ockbrook).
24 City of Salford 221,300 England Part of Greater Manchester Urban Area.
25 Aberdeen 212,125 Scotland One of the fastest growing cities in Europe. The population of the city and shire combined is 454,286.
26 Dudley 194,619 England Part of the West Midlands conurbation. This figure is for the ONS Urban sub-area as the ONS does not report on the traditional town.
27 Northampton 189,474 England Population of Northampton Urban Area is 197,199 (includes Wootton and Hardingstone).
28 Portsmouth 187,056 England Population of entire Portsmouth Urban Area conurbation (including Gosport, Waterlooville and Fareham) is 442,252.
29 Luton 185,543 England Population of entire Luton/Dunstable Urban Area (including Houghton Regis) is 236,318.
30 Preston 184,836 England Includes part of South Ribble district including Walton-le-Dale.Population of Preston Urban Area is 264,601 (includes Chorley, Euxton, Leyland and Wymott).
31 Milton Keynes 184,506 † England Includes Newport Pagnell, outside the designated new town area.
32 Sunderland 177,739 England Excludes Washington, Houghton-le-Spring and Hetton-le-Hole from the City of Sunderland, Population of which is 280,300.Population of Sunderland Urban Area is 182,974 (includes Whitburn).
33 Norwich 174,047 England Includes Thorpe St. Andrew. Population of Norwich Urban Area is 194,839 (Includes Costessey, Cringleford and Taverham).
34 Walsall 170,994 England Part of the West Midlands conurbation.
35 Swansea 169,880 Wales Population of entire Swansea Urban Area including Neath, Port Talbot, Pontardawe and Clydach is 270,506.
36 Bournemouth 167,527 England Population of entire South East Dorset conurbation (including Poole and Christchurch) is 383,713.
37 Southend-on-Sea 160,257 England Population of entire Southend Urban Area conurbation (including Benfleet, Hockley, Rayleigh and Rochford) is 269,415.
38 Swindon 155,432 England
39 Dundee 154,674 Scotland
40 Huddersfield 146,234 England Part of West Yorkshire Urban Area.
41 Poole 144,800 England Part of South East Dorset conurbation.
42 Oxford 143,016 England
43 Middlesbrough 142,691 England Population of entire Teesside urban area is 396,244.
44 Blackpool 142,283 England Population of entire Blackpool Urban Area (including Fleetwood, Lytham St Annes, Poulton-le-Fylde and Thornton-Cleveleys) is 261,088.
45 Bolton 139,403 England Excludes Farnworth, Horwich, Kearsley, Westhoughton and other surrounding towns/districts. Part of Greater Manchester Urban Area.
46 Ipswich 138,718 England Population of Ipswich Urban Area is 141,658 (includes Martlesham Heath).
47 Telford 138,241 † England
48 York 137,505 England
49 West Bromwich 136,940 England Part of the West Midlands conurbation.
50 Peterborough 136,292 England
51 Stockport 136,082 England Part of Greater Manchester Urban Area.
52 Brighton 134,293 England Town of Brighton, excluding Rottingdean/Saltdean and Hove (hence does not represent the entire conjoined local authority of Brighton and Hove).
53 Newport 133,001 Wales Excludes Risca) is 139,298.
54 Slough 126,276 England Population of Slough Urban Area is 141,848 (includes Colnbrook, Farnham Royal and Stoke Poges).
55 Gloucester 123,205 England Population of Gloucester Urban Area is 136,203 (includes Innsworth and Churchdown).
56 Watford 120,960 England Urban sub-area of Greater London Urban Area; includes large parts of Three Rivers.
57 Rotherham 117,262 England Part of Sheffield Urban Area.
58 Cambridge 113,442 †† England
59 Cheltenham 110,320 England This is the population for the Cheltenham / Charlton Kings Urban Area. Cheltenham only population is 98,875.
60 Exeter 106,772 England
61 Eastbourne 106,562 England
62 Sutton Coldfield 105,452 England Part of the West Midlands conurbation.
63 Blackburn 105,085 England Population of Blackburn / Darwen Urban Area is 136,655.
64 Colchester 104,390 England
65 Oldham 103,544 England Excludes Chadderton, Failsworth, Royton, Shaw and Crompton and other surrounding towns. Part of Greater Manchester Urban Area.
66 St Helens 102,629 England Part of Liverpool Urban Area.
67 Crawley 100,547 England Population of Crawley Urban Area is 180,177 (This includes Redhill, Reigate, Horley and Salfords).