What’s The Most Poisonous Animal In The World? Everyone asks that question at some point in their life. Most people think that snakes are the most poisonous animals in the world, well they are wrong. The most poisonous guy(lets call him guy for now) is actually one of the smallest guys in the tough world of wildlife.
Golden Poison Frog or the Golden Dart Frog is a poison dart frog endemic to the Pacific coast of Colombia. This amphibian of the family Dendrobatidae is currently considered the most poisonous vertebrate worldwide. The Golden Poison Frog’s skin is drenched in poison, one of a number of poisons common to dart frogs which prevents nerves from transmitting impulses, leaving the muscles in an inactive state of contraction. This can lead to heart failure or fibrillation. Alkaloid batrachotoxins can be stored by frogs for years after the frog is deprived of a food-based source, and such toxins do not readily deteriorate, even when transferred to another surface. Chickens and dogs have died from contact with a paper towel on which a frog had walked.
The average dose carried will vary between locations, and consequent local diet, but the average wild Golden Dart Frog is generally estimated to contain about one milligram of poison, enough to kill about 10,000 mice. This estimate will vary in turn, but most agree that this dose is enough to kill between 10 and 20 humans, which correlates to up to two African bull elephants. This is roughly 15,000 humans per gram. This extraordinarily lethal poison is very rare.
Golden Dart Frog Picture Gallery