There are a lot of harmful and undesirable effects of radioactive substances on the earth especially to the humans, animals and the surrounding environment. Especially with nuclear weapons discharge or radioactive contamination, there are plenty of
Here is the list of some of the most radioactive places on earth:
10. Hanford, USA
The Hanford site was established in 1943 and was a key part of the US atomic bomb project used for manufacturing of plutonium that was used for the first nuclear bomb testing in Nagasaki. At the time of the Cold War, the project was extended for supplying plutonium for around 60,000 nuclear weapons around America. The site was decommissioned after the cold war, but it has left over 2/3rd of high-level radioactive waste- which is about 53 million US gallons stored inside 177 storage tanks, 25 million cubic feet solid radioactive waste with 200 square miles of contaminated groundwater around the site.
9. The Mediterranean
The Italian mafia-Ndrangheta has been involved in dumping radioactive waste into the seas over the years. They also sent ships and vessels across different countries with the radioactive waste and they continued to make profits from the illegal waste dumping. Legambiente, an Italian based NGO who works towards the conservation and protection of the environment. This agency provided a data on 40 missing ships that contained radioactive waste that were lost in the sea waters from 1994. If these reports proved to be true, then it could pose a huge risk of environmental pollution to the Mediterranean Sea.
8. The Somalian Coast
According to some of the reports, members of the Italian mafia gang have been dumping radioactive waste into the waters of the Somalian Coast from over a decade. As a result, there has been an allegation of the coastline been poisoned by the hazardous waste along with the rising threat to the human population living in the area with a non-functioning government. The rusting barrels found along the Somalian coastline during the Tsunami in 2005 led to sickness owing to radiation where almost 300 people lost their lives.
7. Mayak, Russia
The Kyshtym disaster was one of the worst radioactive contamination that took place in the nuclear plant in Mayak, Russia. As per the International Nuclear Event Scale, it has been put on Level 6 which makes it the third most serious nuclear disaster event after the Fukushima Daiichi and the Chernobyl disaster. There were about 100 tons of radioactive waste that was released on account of an explosion. This waste was dumped into Lake Karachay and the surrounding regions which led to the widespread contamination of the waters.
6. Sellafield, UK
Sellafield which is located near the village of Seascale across the coast of the Irish Sea in England was originally a nuclear site which was used for the production of plutonium. From the time the site started its operation, there have been a number of cases of accidents that have been reported at the site. The Irish Sea which is considered to be among the most radioactive seas in the world receives around 8 million liters of contaminated waste from this plant.
5. Siberian Chemical Combine, Russia
The Siberian Chemical Combine facility is located around 3000 km away from Moscow in Siberia. Since the beginning of the Cold War, this site was used as part of the Russian nuclear program for about 40 years, where nuclear material was being produced. The plant was shut down but it was continued to be used as a storage facility containing radioactive materials. Most of the liquid waste is stored in pools without any shelter and the about 125,000 tons of solid waste has been kept in badly maintained containers.
4. The Polygon, Kazakhstan
The Semipalatinsk test site which is also known as the Polygon was one of the main locations for the testing of nuclear weapons of the Soviet Union. Around 456 nuclear tests have been carried out from 1949 up to 1989 without any regard to the serious impact of the effects of radiation on the surrounding human population. Until 1991, until the facility was closed, the Soviet authorities never revealed the risk of harm occurring from radiation to the public. According to the scientists, over 200,000 people have exposed to health risks directly owing to the radiation caused by the nuclear testing carried out on the site.
3. Mailuu-Suu, Kyrgyzstan
The earlier uranium mining town, Mailuu-Suu was responsible for causing radioactive contamination around the region with its mining activities rather than from any nuclear waste. This uranium processing and mining site left around 1.96 million cubic meters of uranium waste and 26 of the waste dumps can be found near the city boundaries which is occupied by around 25,000 people. The Blacksmith Institute, an NGO has ranked this town as the third most polluted places in the world based on their studies and research in 2006. Landslides, earthquakes and flood are quite common in this region which increases the risk of radioactive contamination along the rivers.
2. Chernobyl, Ukraine
The Chernobyl disaster was the most catastrophic event in history that took place on the 26th of April, 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in Ukraine. The explosion in the facility led to the release of large quantities of radioactive substance into the earth’s atmosphere and spread across Europe and Western USSR. Chernobyl still continues to be highly contaminated even though only a few people are allowed into the facility for a brief amount of time. Almost 6 million people were at a risk of exposure due to this huge disaster.
1. Fukushima, Japan
The 2011 earthquake and Tsunami was responsible for the nuclear power plant disaster. Eventually, it led to the failure of equipment at the site and caused a meltdown of three nuclear reactors that released large amounts of radioactive material into the surrounding regions. It is considered to be one of the biggest nuclear accident after the Chernobyl incident in 1986 and continues to pose a huge threat to the environment and human inhabitants around the world.